Mold is not a plant or an animal, but a type of fungi. We eat some types of fungi, like many kinds of mushrooms and the yeast we use to make bread rise. There are hundreds of different kinds of mold found both indoors and outdoors. Mold grows in damp, dimly-lit areas.

Mold can grow and thrive in any season, indoors or outdoors, in damp, warm and humid environments. Showers, attics, basements, and damp crawlspaces are common areas where you’d find toxic mold.

Mold itself flourishes in warm, moist environments, but mold spores can actually survive in harsh, dry environments. The spores float around in indoor and outdoor air. When spores land on a moist surface, they can then start to grow.

Some molds commonly found indoors include aspergillus, chaetomium, cladosporium, penicillium, and stachybotrys (sometimes referred to as black mold, although many types of mold are black in color).

Mycotoxins are the toxic secondary metabolites produced by molds such as AspergillusFusariumPenicillium, and Stachybotrys and are commonly encountered in water-damaged buildings and contaminated food.

Trichothecenes, fumonisins, ochratoxin, and aflatoxins are the most commonly-encountered harmful mycotoxins.

  • Trichothecenes are produced by Stachybotrys and Fusarium, among other molds. They proliferate in water-damaged buildings.
  • Fumonisins are produced by Fusarium, which commonly grows on corn, wheat, and other grains. Fusariumfungi are quite prevalent in temperate climate conditions.
  • Ochratoxin is produced by Aspergillus and various species of PenicilliumPenicillium often grows in indoor environments on wallpaper, carpet, furniture, and fiberglass insulation. Penicillium also grows on citrus fruits and grains. The main crops contaminated with ochratoxin include grains, nuts, dried fruits, coffee, and cocoa.
  • Aflatoxins are produced by Aspergillus and are thus found on a variety of foods (listed above).

Research reports that 25 percent of the world’s crops, including grains, nuts, wine, spices, and coffee, are contaminated by mycotoxins due to poor harvesting practices, improper food storage, and damp conditions during food transport and processing.

Mold exposure symptoms include:

  1. Fatigue and weakness
  2. Headaches, light sensitivity
  3. Poor memory, difficult word finding
  4. Difficulty concentration
  5. Morning stiffness, joint pain
  6. Unusual skin sensations, tingling, and numbness
  7. Shortness of breath, sinus congestion or a chronic cough
  8. Appetite swings, body temperature regulation,
  9. Increased urinary frequency or increased thirst
  10. Red eyes, blurred vision, sweats, mood swings, sharp pains
  11. Abdominal pain, diarrhea, bloating
  12. Tearing, disorientation, metallic taste in your mouth
  13. Static shocks
  14. Vertigo, feeling lightheaded

CIRS General Signs & Symptoms

Fatigue, weakness, flu-like symptoms, exhaustion, insomnia, sensitivity to environment, and possible multiple diagnoses from various doctors.

Eye/Ear/Nose/Throat Symptoms
Blurred or hazy vision, eyes sensitive to light, eyes tear easily, puffy/dark circles below the eyes, night blindness, ringing in the ears, hearing loss, dizziness, sinus/nasal congestion, nose bleeds, sensitive to odors, vocal cord polyps, nasal polyps, laryngitis or raspy voice, burning in the throat, or sore throat.

Musculoskeletal Symptoms 
Joint pain, shooting pain, ice-pick sharp pain, burning pain, stabbing pain, muscle cramps, muscle aches, muscle weakness, fleeting pain/pain that moves around, tics, spastic muscles, Charlie horses, hands curl up like a claw, toes/feet curl up, morning stiffness

Lungs/Heart Symptoms
Shortness of breath and tachycardia (fast heart beat) with exercise, cough, wheezing, asthma, swelling or edema, heart palpitations, heart pounds intermittently

Digestive/Liver/Urinary Symptoms 
Metallic taste in mouth, bile reflux, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, constipation, abdominal pain, weight loss, weight gain, urinary frequency

Nervous/Endocrine/Immune Symptoms
Insomnia, headache, dizziness, mental confusion, poor concentration, poor short-term memory, forgetfulness, can’t remember names or words, poor word recall, disorientation, decreased learning ability, extreme thirst, low blood pressure, poor body temperature regulation, numbness, tingling, tremors, vertigo, Parkinson’s-like symptoms, mood swings, anxiety, irritability, lack of sex drive, swollen and painful lymph nodes

Skin Symptoms
Skin is sensitive, skin is itchy, feels like bugs crawling on skin, feels like bugs stinging or biting but there is nothing there, easy bruising, Itchy pimples, skin sores, bumpy skin, thickened skin, skin peeling, burning sensations, red face, sweats – especially at night, static shocks, skin reacts to sun, even through clothing sometimes, vitiligo, cherry hemangiomas, and hives.

Cold hands/feet, discolored hands and feet such as white and red mottling, numbness in parts of the body, e.g. foot  “goes to sleep”, tingling, hands shake, and clawing of fingers or toes.


The Environmental Relative Moldiness index (ERMI) was developed by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Research and Development (ORD) as a research tool to investigate mold contamination in homes. The methodology is based on using mold-specific quantitative polymerase chain reaction (MSQPCR) to quantify 36 molds and calculate an index number for comparison with a database of reference homes.

I recommend this ERMI test- you can order it here regardless of the one you choose make sure it is reputable.

If this test comes back positive or you want more advanced testing you’ll need to consult your functional medicine health care professional.

Use Detox Binders:

Binders can be effective in reducing the impact of mold exposure and other unwanted toxins.

There are numerous binders. Charcoal, bentonite, chlorella, etc.

I recommend starting with Saccharomyces boulardii (S. Boulardii) a beneficial mycotoxin-binding probiotic that has been found to be effective in treating mold. Start with one capsule with food for five days then increase to 2-3 capsules a day with food.

Botanical Research makes GI Detox a binder that consists of 75 percent Pyrophyllite clay and 25 percent activated charcoal. I typically will have my patients take one-two capsules a day on empty stomach.

Pyrophyllite has been used medicinally for thousands of years. It’s richer in silica and quartz than other clays (such as bentonite) and works through both adsorbing (to bind to) and absorbing (to ‘swallow’ up) chemicals.

Phyrophyllite clay is negatively charged and binds readily to endotoxins from Gram negative bacteria, by-products of yeast and bacteria, and heavy metals.

Activated charcoal is a very effective binder, activated charcoal effectively rids the body of unwanted toxins. In fact, it’s considered more effective than stomach pumping in poisoned patients.

There several steps that need to be taken to rid ones self of mold toxins. Binders, proper diet diet, and if need natural antifungals (yeast formula, colloidal silver, Biocidin, etc.) are often used to treat mold toxicity.

There are some new tests available for diagnosing mold toxicity. If you’d like to know more about these tests contact Great Plains Diagnostic or give us a call at the clinic 205-879-2383.

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